William Bates

williambatesWilliam Bates (1625–1699) was born in London in November 1625, and was educated at Cambridge, initially at Emmanuel College and subsequently (1644) at Queens’ College. In 1647 he proceeded B.A. He was a Presbyterian. His first living was St. Dunstan’s-in-the-West, London, and he remained as vicar until the Act of Uniformity 1662 was passed, when he was ejected. He also took part with other evangelical clergy in carrying on a lecture series in Cripplegate church under the name of ‘Morning Exercise.’

In the negotiations for the restoration of Charles II, Bates took part. Royal favour came to him, and he was appointed one of the royal chaplains. In 1660 he acted as one of the commissioners of the Savoy conference. In 1661 Cambridge conferred on him the degree of D.D. by royal mandate. At the same time he was urged to accept the deanery of Lichfield and Coventry, but like Richard Baxter, Edmund Calamy the elder, Thomas Manton, and others in their position, he declined office. Later, Bates conducted the discussion between the nonconformists and John Pearson, Peter Gunning, and Anthony Sparrow. In 1665 Bates took the oath imposed by the parliament which met at Oxford ‘that he would not at any time endeavour an alteration in the government of church or state.’ In this he was supported by John Howe and Matthew Poole, although Richard Baxter refused it.

In 1668 some of the more moderate churchmen endeavoured to work out a scheme of comprehension that would bring Presbyterians back into the Church of England. In this Bates, Baxter, and Manton co-operated. But no agreement could be reached. A little later he joined in the presentation of a petition to the king for ‘relief of nonconformists.’ His majesty received him graciously, but nothing came of it. Again in 1674, under the conduct of John Tillotson and Edward Stillingfleet, a fresh effort was made towards comprehension through Bates, but once more nothing came of it. After the accession of James II, the disabilities and sufferings of the nonconformists increased. Bates was at Baxter’s side when George Jeffreys browbeat and insulted Baxter and his associates. He successfully interceded with Archbishop Tillotson in behalf of Nathaniel, Lord Crewe, bishop of Durham, who had been excepted from the act of indemnity of 1690.

On the accession of William III and Mary, Bates delivered two speeches to their majesties on behalf of the dissenters. In the last years of his life he was pastor of the presbyterian church of Hackney. He died there 14 July 1699, aged seventy-four, having outlived and preached the funeral sermons of Baxter, Manton, Thomas Jacomb, and David Clarkson. As a preacher he was held to be ‘silver-tongued’ and the ‘politest’ of all the nonconformists. John Howe’s funeral sermon to Bates’s memory was printed with Bates’s works. [More via Wikipedia] [Short biography by James Marsh txt]

The Complete Works of William Bates:

Vitae Selectorum Aliquot Virorum Qui Doctrina. (795 pages)
pdf web via Internet Archive] – Warning: entirely in Latin!

The Whole Works of the Reverend William Bates, Volume 1. (587 pages)
[pdf via Google Books]
Individual titles from this volume are listed below:

  1. Memoir of the Author – pdf, 15 pp.
    By W. Farmer, 1815.
  2. Treatise on the Existence of God – pdf, 55 pp.
  3. Treatise on the Immortality of the Soul – pdf, 48 pp.
    This is a continuation of the Treatise on the Existence of God.
  4. The Divinity of the Christian Religion – pdf, 72 pp.
    This is the final part of the Treatise on the Existence of God.
  5. The Harmony of the Divine Attributes, in the Contrivance and Accomplishment of Man’s Redemption by the Lord Jesus Christ – pdf, 368 pp.

The Whole Works of the Reverend William Bates, Volume 2. (539 pages)
[pdf epub mobi txt web via Internet Archive]
Individual titles from this volume are listed below:

  1. Sermons on the Forgiveness of Sins (Psalm 130:4) – pdf, 59 pp.
  2. The Sure Trial of Uprightness (Psalm 18:23) – pdf, 73 pp.
  3. The Great Duty of Resignation (Matthew 26:39) – pdf, 70 pp.
  4. The Danger of Prosperity (Proverbs 1:32) – pdf, 81 pp.
    Also available as a Digital Puritan Press reprint in the bookstore.
  5. Spiritual Perfection Unfolded and Enforced (2 Corinthians 7:1) – pdf, 240 pp.

The Whole Works of the Reverend William Bates, Volume 3. (531 pages)
[pdf epub mobi txt web via Internet Archive]
Individual titles from this volume are listed below:

  1. The Everlasting Rest of the Saints (Hebrews 4:9) – pdf, 111 pp.
  2. On Divine Meditation (Psalm 119:97) – pdf, 53 pp.
  3. On the Fear of God (Job 28:28) – pdf, 63 pp.
  4. The Four Last Things: Death, Judgment, Heaven, Hell (Hebrews 2:15; Acts 17:31; Psalm 16:11; Mark 9:48) – pdf, 277 pp.

The Whole Works of the Reverend William Bates, Volume 4. (527 pages)
[pdf epub mobi txt web via Internet Archive
An older source for many of the sermons is Sermons Preached on Several Occasions.
Individual titles from this volume are listed below:

  1. God Is (or, A Sermon on the Existence of God) (Hebrews 11:6) – pdf, 31 pp.
  2. Sin is the Most Formidable Evil, part 1 (Genesis 39:9) – pdf, 14 pp.
  3. Sin is the Most Formidable Evil, part 2 (Genesis 39:9) – pdf, 20 pp.
  4. How Men Are Said to Be Sons of God (1 John 5:2) – pdf, 13 pp.
  5. How to Bear Afflictions, part 1 (Hebrews 12:5) – pdf, 8 pp.
  6. How to Bear Afflictions, part 2 (Hebrews 12:5) – pdf, 11 pp.
  7. The Marriage Feast, part 1 (Luke 14:23) – pdf, 14 pp.
  8. The Marriage Feast, part 2 (Luke 14:23) – pdf, 14 pp.
  9. The Marriage Feast, part 3 (Luke 14:23) – pdf, 8 pp.
  10. The Marriage Feast, part 4 (Luke 14:23) – pdf, 15 pp.
  11. The Marriage Feast, part 5 (Luke 14:23) – pdf, 21 pp.
  12. A Sermon Upon the Death of the Queen (Psalm 102:26-27) – pdf, 25 pp.
    A funeral sermon for Queen Mary.
  13. Thomas Manton’s funeral sermon (1 Thessalonians 4:17) – pdf, 35 pp.
  14. Thomas Jacomb’s funeral sermon (John 12:26) – pdf, 51 pp.
  15. Richard Baxter’s funeral sermon (Luke 23:46) – pdf, 50 pp.
  16. David Clarkson’s funeral sermon (John 14:1) – pdf, 45 pp.
  17. Benjamin Ashurt’s funeral sermon (Revelation 22:12) – pdf, 30 pp.
  18. William Bates’ funeral sermon (John 11:16) – pdf, 39 pp.
    Preached by John Howe.

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