John Owen

John OwenJohn Owen (1625-1699) was an English Nonconformist church leader, theologian, and academic administrator at the University of Oxford.

Of Welsh descent, Owen was born at Stadhampton in Oxfordshire, and was educated at Queen’s College, Oxford (B.A. 1632, M.A. 1635); at the time the college was noted, according to Thomas Fuller, for its metaphysicians. A Puritan by upbringing, in 1637 Owen was driven from Oxford by Laud’s new statutes, and became chaplain and tutor in the family of Sir Robert Dormer and then in that of Lord Lovelace. At the outbreak of the English Civil War he sided with the parliament, and thus lost both his place and the prospects of succeeding to his Welsh Royalist uncle’s fortune. For a while he lived in Charterhouse Yard, troubled by religious questions. His doubts were removed by a sermon preached by a stranger in Aldermanbury Chapel where he had gone intending to hear Edmund Calamy the Elder. His first publication, The Display of Arminianism (1642), was a spirited defence of Calvinism. It was dedicated to the committee of religion, and gained him the living of Fordham in Essex, from which a “scandalous minister” had been ejected. At Fordham he remained engrossed in the work of his parish and writing only The Duty of Pastors and People Distinguished until 1646, when, the old incumbent dying, the presentation lapsed to the patron, who gave it to someone else.

In 1644, Owen married Mary Rooke (d. 1675). The couple had 11 children, ten of whom died in infancy. One daughter survived to adulthood, married unhappily, returned home, and shortly thereafter died of consumption.

On 29 April he preached before the Long Parliament. In this sermon, and even more in his Country Essay for the Practice of Church Government, which he appended to it, his tendency to break away from Presbyterianism to the more tolerant Independent or Congregational system is plainly seen. Like John Milton, he saw little to choose between “new presbyter” and “old priest,” and disliked a rigid and arbitrary polity by whatever name it was called. He became pastor at Coggeshall in Essex, where a large influx of Flemish tradesmen provided a congenial Independent atmosphere. His adoption of Congregational principles did not affect his theological position, and in 1647 he again argued heavily against Arminianism in The Death of Death in the Death of Christ, which drew him into long debate with Richard Baxter. He made the friendship of Fairfax while the latter was besieging Colchester, and urgently addressed the army there against religious persecution. He was chosen to preach to parliament on the day after the execution of King Charles I, and succeeded in fulfilling his task without directly mentioning that event. [More via Wikipedia]

The Complete Works of John Owen:

The Death of Death in the Death of Christ. (330 pages) -popular-
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Included here as a separate title for your convenience, however this is an edition printed in 1742, so it will have the medial and may be more difficult to read than the version found in volume 5 of Owen’s Works, below. The 1826 edition, extracted from volume 5 of Works is also available as a pdf.

Pneumatologia, or A Discourse Concerning the Holy Spirit. (817 pages)
[pdf via Internet Archive]
Here the portions found in vols.1-2 of Owen’s Works below are combined into one large bookmarked file for your convenience.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 1. (564 pages)
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Contains a lengthy biography of Owen, and miscellaneous letters and sundry items pertaining to his life.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 2. (480 pages)
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This volume contains:

  1. The first part of Pneumatologia (or, A Discourse Concerning the Holy Spirit)
    [The entire title can be found here: pdf, 817 pp.]

    1. Book 1: General Principles
      1. Chapter 1: Concerning the Holy Spirit and His Work – pdf, 39 pp.
      2. Chapter 2: The Name and Titles of the Holy Spirit – pdf, 21 pp.
      3. Chapter 3: The Divine Nature and Personality of the Holy Spirit Proved and Vindicated – pdf, 35 pp.
      4. Chapter 4: Peculiar Works of the Holy Spirit in the First or Old Creation – pdf, 15 pp.
      5. Chapter 5: Way and Manner of the Divine Dispensation of the Holy Spirit – pdf, 24 pp.
    2. Book 2: Peculiar Operations of the Holy Spirit
      1. Chapter 1: Under the Old Testament Preparatory for the New – pdf, 33 pp.
      2. Chapter 2: General Dispensation of the Holy Spirit with Respect Unto the New Creation – pdf, 9 pp.
      3. Chapter 3: Work of the Holy Spirit with Respect Unto the Head of the New Creation, the Human Nature of Christ – pdf, 11 pp.
      4. Chapter 4: Work of the Holy Spirit in and on the Human Nature of Christ – pdf, 25 pp.
      5. Chapter 5: The General Work of the Holy Spirit in the New Creation, with Respect Unto the Members of That Body Whereof Christ is the Head – pdf, 23 pp.
    3. Book 3: The Work of the Holy Spirit
      1. Chapter 1: In the New Creation by Regeneration – pdf, 26 pp.
      2. Chapter 2: Works of the Holy Spirit Preparatory Unto Regeneration – pdf, 17 pp.
      3. Chapter 3: Corruption or Depravation of the Mind by Sin – pdf, 48 pp.
      4. Chapter 4: Life and Death, Natural and Spiritual, Compared – pdf, 18 pp.
      5. Chapter 5: The Nature, Causes, and Mean of Regeneration – pdf, 48 pp.
      6. Chapter 6: The Manner of Conversion Explained in the Instance of Augustine – pdf, 36 pp.
    4. Book 4: The Nature of Sanctification and Gospel Holiness Explained
      1. Chapter 1: The Nature of Sanctification and Gospel Holiness Explained – pdf, 24 pp.
      2. Chapter 2: Sanctification a Progressive Work – pdf, 26 pp.
      3. Chapter 3: Believers the Only Object of Sanctification and Subject of Gospel Holiness – pdf, 20 pp.
      4. Chapter 4: The Defilement of Sin, Wherein it Consists, With its Purification – pdf, 17 pp.
      5. Chapter 5: The Filth of Sin Purged by the Spirit and Blood of Christ – pdf, 39 pp.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 3. (534 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. A Continuation of Pneumatologia (or, A Discourse Concerning the Holy Spirit)
    [The entire title can be found here: pdf, 817 pp.]

    1. Book 4: The Nature of Sanctification and Gospel Holiness Explained
      1. Chapter 6: The Positive Work of the Spirit in the Sanctification of Believers – pdf, 73 pp.
      2. Chapter 7: Of the Acts and Duties of Holiness – pdf, 13 pp.
      3. Chapter 8: Mortification of Sin, the Nature and Causes of It – pdf, 34 pp.
    2. Book 5: Necessity of Holiness
      1. Chapter 1: Necessity of Holiness From the Consideration of the Nature of God – pdf, 31 pp.
      2. Chapter 2: Eternal Election a Cause of and Motive Unto Holiness – pdf, 17 pp.
      3. Chapter 3: Holiness Necessary From the Commands of God – pdf, 19 pp.
      4. Chapter 4: Necessity of Holiness From God’s Sending Jesus Christ – pdf, 16 pp.
      5. Chapter 5: Necessity of Holiness From Our Condition in This World – pdf, 13 pp.
  2. The Reason of Faith, or, An Answer Unto That Inquiry Wherefore We Believe the Scripture to Be the Word of Godpdf, 140 pp.
  3. The Causes, Ways, and Means of Understanding the Mind of God, as Revealed in His Word – pdf, 145 pp.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 4. (618 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. A Discourse of the Work of the Holy Spirit in Prayerpdf, 152 pp.
  2. A Discourse on the Holy Spirit as a Comforter – pdf, 86 pp.
  3. A Discourse of Spiritual Gifts – pdf, 123 pp.
  4. “The Divine Original of the Scriptures” – pdf, 82 pp.
  5. “The Integrity and Purity of the Hebrew and Greek Text of the Scriptures” – pdf, 91 pp.
  6. Pro Sacris Scripturis Adversus Hujus Temporis Fanaticospdf, 64 pp. {LATIN}

The Works of John Owen, Volume 5. (676 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. Two Short Catechisms
  2. Theomaxia Agtethogziastike (or, A Short Display of Arminianism)
  3. Salus Electorum, Sanguis Jesu (or, The Death of Death in the Death of Christ) [just this title, extracted as a pdf]
  4. Of the Death of Christ

The Works of John Owen, Volume 6. (558 pages)
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Contains The Doctrine of the Saint’s Perseverance Explained and Confirmed

The Works of John Owen, Volume 7. (536 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. A continuation of The Doctrine of the Saints’ Perseverance Explained and Confirmed
  2. The Mortification of Sin in Believers
  3. The Nature and Power of Temptation.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 8. (536 pages)
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This volume contains Vindicae Evangelicae (or, The Mystery of the Gospel Vindicated), part 1.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 9. (524 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. Vindicae Evangelicae (or, The Mystery of the Gospel Vindicated) part 2
  2. Of the Death of Christ, and of Justification
  3. A Review of the Annotations of Hugo Grotius
  4. A Dissertation on Divine Justice.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 10. (580 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. Communion with God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost
  2. The Same Subject Vindicated
  3. A Brief Declaration and Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity
  4. The Person and Satisfaction of Christ.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 11. (582 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. The Doctrine of Justification by Faith
  2. “Gospel Grounds and Evidences of the Faith of God’s Elect”.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 12. (600 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. Christologia (or, A Declaration of the Glorious Mystery of the Person of Christ)
  2. “Meditations and Discourses on the Glory of Christ, in His Person, Office, and Grace”.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 13. (516 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. The Nature, Power, Deceit, and Prevalency of the Remainders of Indwelling Sin in Believers
  2. Phronema toi Pneumatos (or, The Grace and Duty of Being Spiritually-Minded).

The Works of John Owen, Volume 14. (570 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. A Practical Exposition on the Hundred and Thirtieth Psalm
  2. A Treatise on the Dominion of Sin and Grace
  3. A Humble Testimony unto the Goodness and Severity of God in His Dealing with Sinful Churches and Nations.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 15. (590 pages)
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This volume contains thirteen sermons and two other works:

  1. A Vision of Unchangeable Free Mercy in Sending the Means of Grace to Undeserving Sinners (Acts 16:9) – pdf, 45 pp.
  2. A Country Essay for the Practice of Church Government There – pdf, 38 pp.
  3. Ebeneezer: A Memorial of the Deliverance of Essex County and Committee (Habakkuk 3:1-9) – pdf, 69 pp.
  4. Righteous Zeal Encouraged by Divine Protection (Jeremiah 15:19-20) – pdf, 43 pp.
  5. Of Toleration and the Duty of the Magistrate About Religion – pdf, 54 pp.
  6. The Steadfastness of Promises and the Sinfulness of Staggering (Romans 4:20) – pdf, 41 pp.
  7. The Strength of Faith, part 1 (Romans 4:20) – pdf, 23 pp.
  8. The Strength of Faith, part 2 (Romans 4:20) – pdf, 20 pp.
  9. The Shaking and Translating of Heaven and Earth (Hebrews 12:27) – pdf, 42 pp.
  10. The Branch of the Lord the Beauty of Zion, or, The Glory of the Church in its Relation Unto Christ (Isaiah 56:7) pdf, 35 pp.
  11. The Advantage of the Kingdom of Christ in the Shaking of the Kingdoms of the World (Ezekiel 17:24) – pdf, 30 pp.
  12. The Labouring Saint’s Dismission to Rest (Daniel 12:13) – pdf, 26 pp.
  13. Christ’s Kingdom and the Magistrate’s Power (Daniel 12:15-16) – pdf, 36 pp.
  14. God’s Work in Founding Zion and His People’s Duty Thereupon (Isaiah 14:32) – pdf, 35 pp.
  15. God’s Presence With a People, the Spring of Prosperity, With Their Special Interest in Abiding With Him (2 Chronicles 15:2) – pdf, 30 pp.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 16. (584 pages)
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This volume contains forty-five sermons and fourteen short discourses of practical cases of conscience.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 17. (660 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. Thirteen Sermons Preached on Various Occasions
  2. Twenty-five Discourses Suitable to the Lord’s Supper
  3. “The Nature and Causes of Apostacy”
  4. “Some Considerations About Union Among Protestants”
  5. “The State and Fate of the Protestant Religion”.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 18. (652 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. Animadversions on a Treatise Entitled ‘Fiat Lux’
  2. Vindication of the Animadversion on ‘Fiat Lux’
  3. “The Church of Rome No Safe Guide”.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 19. (636 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. “The Duty of Pastors and People Distinguished”
  2. “Eschol” (or, “A Cluster of Fruit of Canaan”)
  3. Treatises on Schism
  4. “Questions Concerning the Power of the Supreme Magistrate About Religion, Proposed and Resolved”
  5. “A Discourse Considering Liturgies”
  6. “A Short Catechism”
  7. “A Vindication of the Nonconformists from the Charge of Schism.”

The Works of John Owen, Volume 20. (616 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. An Inquiry into the Original Nature, Institution, Power, Order, and Communion of Evangelical Churches.
  2. An Answer to Dr. Stillingfleet’s Book of the Unreasonableness of Separation
  3. The True Nature of a Gospel Church and its Government.

The Works of John Owen, Volume 21. (634 pages)
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This volume contains the following:

  1. “A Discourse Concerning Love, Church-Peace, and Unity”
  2. A Survery of a Discourse Concerning Ecclesiastical Polity
  3. Various tracts and shorter works
  4. Orationes Sex Oxonii Habitae.